Review of Skill Needs Raised by the Development and Implementation of AI

The social discourse on AI tells us that its development and applications will be the greatest force for job transformation in the coming years. The new presence of AI is changing the nature of jobs and the skill profiles traditionally associated with them, even if the relationship of AI is indirect in a given job. This exploratory literature review and analysis project, carried out for the Pôle montréalais d’enseignement supérieur en intelligence artificielle (PIA), focuses on these skills.

The literature on this issue has only just begun to emerge in recent years. In order to provide an overall picture of the situation, recent writings from public organizations, commercial organizations and the academic world were reviewed. In addition, a review of seven databases of scientific texts was conducted.

The specific competencies identified in the texts were grouped into 16 competency areas. Some specific competencies stood out, including AI literacy, teamwork, creativity, and the ability to solve complex problems. It is hoped that higher education institutions will be able to draw on this research to enrich their thinking on anticipating training needs in the digital and AI era.

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The International Observatory on the Societal Impacts of AI and Digital Technology is made possible by the support of the Fonds de recherche du Québec.